In the Grand Scheme of evolution, homo sapiens represents the first branch of the tree. As we know, however, a tree has many branches, and it also has roots. These roots we might look at as the initial evolutionary phases that form the foundation of everything that is to come.
The roots of that tree constitute the basis of everything, the matter aspect that provides for the form and substance of the material world. This is the mineral kingdom, and the succeeding plant kingdom that in turn provides the sustenance for the animal kingdom above. These three kingdoms provide the foundation for what is to unfold.
From the higher perspective man is simply one link in the chain. Each succeeding kingdom is built upon the evolutionary achievements of the kingdom below, and each represents a continuing synthesis from an energy standpoint. Energy in this instance means the seven rays, the seven streams of energy that provide the diversity of everything we find in our world.
In this development different parts of the mineral kingdom are formed by one particular ray energy. The plant kingdom, more diverse, the form involves three particular ray energies. The animal kingdom form in turn is of five particular ray energies. Man now, in the human kingdom, is a synthesis of all seven ray energies; he is a complete package in a manner of speaking.
The evolutionary process simply builds out the diversity present in the ray natures. In this process the form nature and the consciousness evolve along parallel lines with one being the complement of the other. One should recognize that this is a directed process, it does not just develop at random. So, the hominid event is the outgrowth of a process of ray synthesis. The hominid event is also a beginning of a process that ends up in the stars.
The Races of Man clearly have their roots in the animal kingdom, but at some point in the distant past man progressed from the 3rd kingdom, the animal, into the 4th kingdom, the human. So, here at the beginning it would be worthwhile to establish some criteria or characteristics to define this line between what is animal and what is man.
The nature of the animal is that there is no sense of self identity. Animals may travel in packs or herds. There may be a leader, but otherwise practically all are followers. This is the case up to the point we term individualization where we have the appearance of separate individuals within a group. The individual recognizes their own self as a separate being within a group of like beings, and this awareness of self comes from an individual human soul, as opposed to a “group soul” that existed in the case of the animal kingdom. The point of individualization, aside from its subjective nature, is a major milestone on the evolutionary path.
There is another important factor in the separation of animal and man, and that has to do with mental capabilities. The animal basically operates on a basis of instinct. There is no developed thinking process, there is only what might be termed a “learned instinctual memory”where bad experience leads to a programmed response. Alternatively, good experience, as in finding food or comfort, is self reinforcing.
One subjective basis for the expansion of mental abilities lies in the increased energies available to man. Where the animal had a nervous system consisting of five major etheric centers or chakras, as man he now has a more developed nervous system consisting of seven major etheric centers. He is now a whole being utilizing the full range of available subjective energies.
From the above factors noted, it is evident that these are difficult to impossible factors to help establish human from animal/primate remains, Since we are faced with the dilemma that there is no real historical record (in the usual terms), no amount of digging or examination of artifacts is going to tell us whether any particular fragmentary ancient remains are human or primate, or the nature of that life experience.
So, basically we must be told about the historical record of man, and a useful source of such information comes through the material compiled by Alice Bailey during the first half of the 20th century. Careful evaluation of this material offers unusual insight into the overall evolutionary process, a rough time frame with regard to various phases, and the changing nature of man.
The Bailey Insight into human evolution follows along these lines: The different phases of human development are presented in terms of Root-races. These are the major milestones. Each Root-race is in turn divided into seven consecutive sub-races. Each sub-race will have seven branch-races that may seem to occur randomly. The point to note is that there is some overlap in Root-races which may lead to some confusion with regard to sub-races.
Man first came into being on this planet as part of the fundamental evolutionary process about 18 million years ago. He was called Lemurian man, but he was human, he had an individual human soul. He was nothing like modern man at that time, he was still basically a primate. He was in a sense an artificial creation because this branch of Earth’s humanity did not develop in the usual natural way. Due to this factor there were differences in his nervous system that were forced ahead of a natural evolution.
As Lemurian man he was part of what is termed the 3rd Root-race. His objective from an evolutionary standpoint was the perfection of his physical form, and those developments would also have finalized the necessary changes to his nervous system. This did not happen overnight, as he progressed with difficulty through a series of racial forms over a period of 8 to 10 million years.
A gradual transition began toward the end of this period of physical form development as man began to show a developing emotional nature that we associate with an astral body, and we have the transition into what we call Atlantean man.
Again progress was glacial in nature, but as his emotional nature developed there was a moderate but growing mental component to Atlantean man who constituted the 4th root-race. As more millions of years passed there was the development of certain racial earmarks. These became characteristics that differentiated the succeeding sub-races, and some of these are familiar to us today.
The Mongolian peoples of the 6th sub-race developed in eastern Asia probably about 2 million years ago. In the course of time some of these peoples migrated westward as had others before, and some seem to have moved eastward into the western hemisphere. Then finally the ancient Chinese of the 7th sub-race represented the culmination of the Atlantean 4th Root-race. It should be noted that this earlier Chinese civilization is not representative of the present day Han Chinese that constitute a modern 5th root-race hybrid. Still the majority of mankind today still belongs to the 7th sub-race of the 4th root-race. These would include Malayans, Tibetans, Javanese as well as older Chinese racial types, and many of the native cultures of this hemisphere.
Altogether another 8 to 9 million years had passed during this Atlantean period. During this interval man had been developing his emotional qualities which, as the process proceeded gave him what we today consider as his human qualities.
Races and Sub-races: To return briefly to Lemurian man, he was focused in his sacral center, which is to say that of his priorities, first came sex and then came eating. So, basically his life pursuit revolved around creature comforts and desires without much thought involved. Proceeding into Atlantean times the same priorities of sex and eating were principle occupations, but the development of the emotional (astral) nature gave more fullness to the life experience. With the life then focused in the solar plexus, excess was still prevalent, but with the passage of time there was the developing mental nature that tended to mitigate what otherwise would have been a situation spiraling out of control.
So, while the objective of Lemurian man was the perfection of the physical body, the objective of Atlantean man was the perfection of the emotional nature, the astral body. Whatever he was in emotional terms, however, the growing mental component to his makeup was the key to the next step. So, we have the advent of another major racial change for at least a segment of the species which brings us to the beginning of the 5th root-race, the Aryan. The focus of Aryan peoples is mental, and the perfection of the mental body is the final objective. Use of the term “perfection” at this point is relative since form and consciousness are continuing objectives of attainment.
Aryan is always the term employed by Bailey although others have named this succeeding root-race the Indo-European. These first Aryans were the Indian peoples of India. They were the 1st sub-race of the 5th root-race. In the one million years that they have been on the stage of history they have produced many branch-races with a complex mix of languages. So much so that even today when Indian people from different parts of India meet, they often have to resort to the only common language, English, to effectively communicate.
The 2nd and 3rd sub-races of our 5th root-race are less well addressed in the Bailey material, but they are the Semitic and Persian. The 4th sub-race was the Caucasian. All across Asia the peoples of these sub-races have intermingled over the period of the last milleniums. Thus, for example, while we might associate Arab and Jewish peoples with the Semitic sub-race, one really can find all racial types intermingled in these many and varied societies. The generation of these sub-races is an occult mystery, but reflection on the matter should immediately suggest that it would likely proceed along lines of modern botanical and animal breeding efforts. It might also be surmised that this development proceeded in stages under some form of control or organization.
The Anglo Saxon peoples of the 5th sub-race of the 5th root-race are the latest on the stage of history. The characteristics of these peoples are a fair skin and hair as well as blue eyes. Yet with constant warfare and migrations, these Anglo Saxon types may be found in just about any society. All one can say is that certain racial types tend to congregate in particular countries or areas. Mixing of the races produces a continual blending and upgrading of the racial characteristics, while isolation of a particular group behind some natural barrier will tend to inhibit the natural upgrading of more ancient racial types.
For example, peoples such as the Veddas of Ceylon, African Bushmen, and Australian Aborigine are modern day remnants of 3rd root-race peoples. While these racial remnants have survived until the present they are not really representative of what they were 10 million years ago because there are always newer racial types that infiltrate any society to provide improved qualities that enhance the existing form nature. Other peoples such as the Neandertals did not quite make it into the modern era as a coherent society, rather they have been absorbed into the general population.
It has been said that the level of “civilization” even during later Lemurian times was as developed as western civilization during Roman times, but due to continental movements no traces remain of such civilizations. We also see some remains of an ancient world having structures that would tax the abilities of modern constructors. Huge blocks of quarried stone remain as evidence, and sometimes we have stonework exhibiting extraordinary precision as well as procedures in their manufacture that sometimes defies modern technology.
It must be recognized, however, that teachers and guides essentially organized and directed the overall course of human events. This was the situation until man reached the point where he could direct his own affairs, and this point came about with the onset of the last Ice Age that began about 100,000 years ago. While our own group of mentors worked with early man until that time, other peoples from elsewhere stayed on until relatively recent times.
Catastrophe, so prevalent in the evolutionary process, serves to break the mold of civilization thereby allowing a new beginning. The aspect of a surviving humanity living in caves for a thousand generations during an ice age would certainly satisfy the requirement of catastrophe as well as decimating the population. The submergence of Atlantis at the dawn of our modern era marked another of such breaks from this directed past. With that submergence went the formal recorded link to the past, and the remaining knowledge was locked in the day to day activities of the established culture. So, we have the “beginnings” of advanced ancient societies such as the Egyptian and Summerian, arising out of no historical record.
The general lack of human skeletal remains in going back more than 100,000 years could be explained by the point that the more advanced cultures tend toward cremation off the dead. Since the societies would have had direction from the teachers and guides to cremate there would normally be nothing to find. For example we have modern Indian society always employing cremation, an established tradition no doubt dating from the earliest beginnings of that civilization.
Timing of Races: At this point it might be noted that between one root-race and the next there is a transition phase in which one is “coming in” while the other is “going out”. Thus, before the nominal beginning of the 5th root-race, there have been newer racial types coming into incarnation since the middle of the 4th root-race, and these 5th root-race peoples will not be phased out until the middle of the coming 6th root-race at some point far in the future. This is another way of saying that all men are not created (born) equal, some are on a different evolutionary schedule.
Yet to come in the near future, the 6th sub-race of our present 5th root-race will be upon us within the next thousand years. As previously noted, the nature of all 5th root-race peoples is that they are mentally oriented. Many may still be polarized in the solar plexus, but now also in any center above that because they have entered a period of lives in which there is comparatively rapid evolutionary development. From an evolutionary perspective the 6th and 7th root-races yet to come will largely represent a finishing off process, and occupy possibly the next million years.
In this future, evolutionary development will be more subjective in nature as viewed from our present perspective. Abilities such as the intuition and clairvoyance will be increasingly found, and in the coming 6th root-race these abilities will be more widely developed than they are now. The nature of the evolutionary process in the world of today is that humanity never seems to reach any objective of conclusion. This is because at any given time there will only be a small segment that will reach the goal of release from physical plane life leaving the mass of humanity behind to constantly relearn right thinking and action, to constantly relearn old lessons. This release means that they will no longer be involved in the process of reincarnation, and they will then occupy a series of etheric bodies in their continuing evolutionary journey in the subjective worlds.
The Evolutionary Process: With the aspect of an evolutionary process clearly acknowledged with respect to man, it does so mainly concerning the physical development as that is the only part presently subject to objective consideration. It is through the Bailey material that we are able to gain perspective with regard to the concurrent development of the emotional and mental nature of man as an equal part of the evolutionary process. On the other hand, the present psychological studies relating to man and his development mostly represent a different field if not a different topic altogether.
In the physical being we have a more or less robotic crearure, intent on survival, and engaged in physical activities. Through development of the emotional nature using the physical senses, that emotional nature in all its many facets is brought into increasing activity , and man develops his “human” qualities. Finally, as the mental nature is developed, the aspects of inventiveness and planning develop, ultimately giving rise to intellectual pursuits. It is all a step by step process with one step leading into another.
So, to summarize, these three parts of man’s nature are present as three separate bodies of consciousness. One objective, and the other two subjective in the sense that we do not normally see them since they are in unformed etheric matter. As related, these three parts are perfected in three stages, first as Lemurian man in perfecting the physical body, then as Atlantean man in perfecting the emotional body, and finally as Aryan man for perfection of the mental body.
On the other hand, the field of anthropology presently projects a history of a purely physical man going back perhaps two million years in time. Aside from the fact that both hominid and animal remains are equally subject to environmental degradation, the process of distinguishing between the two can only be accomplished in the eye of the beholder. So, it would seem that this is where the the matter will rest unless other input is accepted.
The Eternal Soul is something having a more religious ring. In our terms the soul is eternal for it is with us over such a vast period of time, and this is the vast time we have been speaking of involving the evolutionary development of man as we know him. The soul came into this matter at the beginning, at the point of individualization. This is the point where animal man came into the human kingdom by his acquisition of a human soul. In this event the soul replaced the group soul that existed previously for members of the animal kingdom.
The soul is actually the being that undertakes the planning of our lives, our next incarnation, and this is done in accordance with karmic law. It is the soul that sets into motion the process that constructs the new vehicles for the new incarnation. The soul is first of all a surrogate, and it is also a mentor, a source of continuing guidance. The only problem is that man has no direct communication with the soul, he has free will, may not even acknowledge the existence of the soul, and must operate on instinct or intuition with regard to any guidance.